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Parenteral Nutrition: A Life Saving Form of Nutrition

   March 12, 2024

Parenteral nutrition or total parenteral nutrition is a method that is used to feed patients who are unable to receive nutrition orally. This method bypasses the gastrointestinal tract and uses parenteral nutrition bags to infuse the patient intravenously with the required nourishment.

Types of Parenteral Nutrition

Parenteral nutrition can be either partial parenteral nutrition (PPN) or total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Some of the conditions that can require the use of parenteral nutrition bags include abdominal surgery, chemotherapy, intestinal ischemia, small or large intestine obstructions, intestinal pseudo-obstruction, gastrointestinal bleeding, necrotizing enterocolitis, or premature birth, among others.

The use of parenteral nutrition bags is simpler and the bags are cheaper and can be used for patients who cannot ingest nutrition via the enteral route. Presently, ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) is preferred as a material of choice for manufacturing parenteral nutrition bags. Earlier, the most commonly used material was polyvinyl chloride (PVC). However, due to high plasticizer content in the material, like phthalates, it can cause certain harmful side effects. EVA, on the other hand, does not contain plasticizer, in order to achieve flexibility. The use of PVC for making the bags has been reduced as phthalates present in the material can leech into the nutrition liquid, which can cause side effects in patients.

EVA does not require the use of plasticizers to achieve flexibility. As a result, its application in parenteral delivery is on the rise. Hence, the rising demand for EVA parenteral nutrition bags among hospitals and clinics is driving the growth of the market.

The growth of the parenteral nutrition bags market is attributed to the rising global prevalence of malnutrition, the large number of premature births, and the increasing incidence of metabolic disorders. Furthermore, the growing adoption of home healthcare and the rising global geriatric population are expected to provide opportunities for the market's growth.

Growing Adoption of Nutrition Bags in Home Healthcare

The use of parenteral nutrition bags in home health has enabled patients to receive hospital-like care in the comfort of their homes. Home healthcare has also been proven to be a cheaper, safer, and more effective alternative to traditional hospital care. This is majorly beneficial for patients who are at risk of complications from inpatient care and hospital-acquired infections. For instance, as per the Johns Hopkins Model, the cost of at-home care was 32% less than hospital care (USD 5,081 VS. USD 7,480), and the length of stay for patients was also reduced by nearly one-third (4.9 days VS. 32 days).

The use of parenteral nutrition bags at home or home parenteral nutrition is also being increasingly prescribed for patients with advanced cancer, as it improves free-fat mass, quality of life, and survival.

Growing Popularity of Parenteral Nutrition in Developing Countries

Regions like the Asia-Pacific, Middle East, and Africa continue to play a pivotal role in driving the global economy. According to the International Monetary Fund, Asia-Pacific reported an estimated growth of 4.6% in 2023, an increase from 3.9% in 2022. Rapid economic development across the Asia-Pacific region has significantly expanded access to healthcare.

Countries across the Asia-Pacific region are intensifying their efforts to enhance hospital systems and operations through initiatives such as universal health coverage (UHC) and government-driven healthcare, thereby improving access to healthcare resources. Additionally, the rising prevalence of both communicable and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is expected to drive the demand for parenteral nutrition bags. Some diseases and conditions can impair the patient’s ability to consume food through the digestive tract. In such scenarios, parenteral nutrition bags can be employed to deliver the necessary nutrition directly into the patient’s bloodstream, ensuring they receive the appropriate nutrition daily.

In the case of regions such as Latin America and the Middle East & Africa, the growing population, severe malnutrition, aging populations, and the rising demand for advanced healthcare drive the growth of the parenteral nutrition bags market. Malnutrition is one of the major reasons for the growing need for intravenous nutrition. For instance, according to the United Nations’ Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition 2023 report, approximately 6.5% or 43.2 million people in Latin America and the Caribbean experience food insecurity, resulting in malnutrition and related disorders. This scenario can drive the demand for parenteral nutrition bags, which can deliver essential nutrition to both children and adults intravenously.

Unlocking Parenteral Nutrition Bags: Insights from Parenteral Nutrition Bags Market Analysis

Recent insights from Meticulous Research® provide valuable perspectives on the future trajectory of the Parenteral Nutrition Bags Market. Projections suggest a potential worth of $1.25 billion by 2031, driven by a remarkable Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 6.6% from 2024 to 2031.

Significant trends are emerging due to the ongoing evolution of the parenteral nutrition bags market. In 2024, the growing adoption of home healthcare and the rising global geriatric population have emerged as an important aspect, propelled by the increasing prevalence of chronic diseases, the rising global prevalence of malnutrition, and the large number of premature births.

As the global landscape takes shape, the North American region is expected to hold a substantial market share in 2024. Notably, influential industry players, including Baxter International, Inc. (U.S.), B. Braun SE (Germany), and Fresenius Kabi AG (Germany), have established a broad presence across various regions, leading to the widespread adoption of parenteral nutrition bags worldwide. In essence, this comprehensive overview from Meticulous Research serves as a gateway into the parenteral nutrition bags market.


The growing popularity of parenteral nutrition in home healthcare and in several developing countries is increasing the demand for parenteral nutrition bags. Along with the increasing number of chronic diseases or gastrointestinal conditions that lead to the rise in the number of surgical procedures, the need for parenteral or intravenous nutrition for patients who cannot ingest nutrients orally is also increasing.

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