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Electrosurgery: A Comprehensive Overview

   February 9, 2024

Electrosurgery is a technique used in surgeries to control bleeding and quickly dissect tissues. The electromagnetic current generates heat due to the electrical resistance of the soft tissues. The outcomes of electrosurgery vary depending on factors like power, waveform, and surgical technique, resulting in different effects on the target tissue. Electrosurgical procedures find application in a wide range of surgeries, including obstetrics/gynecology, cardiovascular surgery, general surgery, and cosmetic surgery.

Components of Electrosurgery Unit

Electrosurgical instruments and devices cut or desiccate through tissues to control bleeding and enable coagulation of blood. Some of the instruments used in electrosurgery include electrosurgery generators and electrosurgery instruments, which include pencils, handpieces, forceps, and sealing instruments, among others. These instruments deliver controlled and precise current, enabling efficient tissue cutting without the risk of burns. They also offer versatility and are available in both disposable and reusable formats.

Other electrosurgery equipment includes electrosurgical generators, which provide electrical current to enable cutting and coagulation during surgeries. This also includes generators associated with sealing devices. The recently developed generators improve surgical outcomes by providing high-quality and consistent power profiles.

Market players are introducing new instruments and systems that come with clear display power settings visible from across the operating room. For instance, in October 2021, the Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI) (Taiwan) collaborated with Catcher Technology Corporation (Taiwan) to develop a next-generation integrated electrosurgery system and co-develop a hybrid energy system that can be used in minimally invasive surgeries.

The increased utilization of electrosurgical devices can significantly enhance operational capabilities and effectiveness during surgical procedures. They facilitate reduced bleeding and lower risks of post-operative infections.

The growth of the electrosurgery market is driven by various factors, including the increasing number of surgical procedures, the growing preference for minimally invasive techniques, the increasing adoption of computer-assisted surgeries, the emergence of medical tourism, particularly in developing nations, the rising incidence of skin, throat, lip, and cervix cancer, and the prevalence of chronic diseases, which is on the rise due to the expanding geriatric population.

High Growth Potential in Developing Countries

Electrosurgery finds applications in almost all surgical specialties; however, the shortage of surgeons restrains the market’s growth. The shortage of surgical physicians, coupled with the rising geriatric population, has emerged as a significant concern for many countries. According to Rural Health Statistics 2021-2022, there was an 80% shortfall in pediatricians and surgeons in India.

The rising healthcare expenditures and the increase in medical tourism are driving the adoption of medical instruments in developed and developing countries. For instance, according to the World Bank Group, India’s current health expenditure (% GDP) was 2.96 as compared to 2.86 in 2018. In the case of Brazil, the current health expenditure (% GDP) in 2020 was 10.31 as compared to 9.46 in 2018.

Apart from this, medical tourism is driving the expansion of hospitals in developing countries such as India, Singapore, Thailand, Panama, Brazil, and Mexico. For instance, the Ministry of Tourism in India has formulated guidelines for medical and wellness tourism, positioning the country as a hub for Ayurveda, Yoga, Siddha, and Naturopathy, along with spiritual philosophy. The ministry has also expanded its Market Development Assistance (MDA) scheme to include wellness tourism service providers, encompassing accredited wellness centers. With the increasing demand for medical tourism, cities such as Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, and Kochi are sought after by millions of people for their surgical requirements.

In many countries, most procedures can now be scheduled remotely via the Internet or phone. This convenience allows individuals to book surgeries in other countries from the comfort of their homes, eliminating the need for hospital or clinic visits for evaluations. Additionally, the continuous advancements in technology are expected to increase the number of surgeries performed, consequently driving the utilization of electrosurgery devices.

Advancing Electrosurgery Through New Technologies

The concept of electrosurgery and electrosurgical devices was first introduced in 1926 during a neurosurgical operation, where an electrocautery or electrosurgery pencil was utilized. Since then, there have been numerous advancements in electrosurgery, leading to the innovation of various devices such as advanced bipolar devices, vessel sealing devices, and Argon plasma coagulation.

There have been notable advances in the field of electrosurgery. For instance, in June 2021, Ethicon, Inc. (U.S.), a subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson (U.S.), launched the ENSEAL X1 Curved Jaw Tissue Sealer. This bipolar energy device offers enhanced efficiency and stronger sealing capabilities. It is designed for use in colorectal, gynecological, bariatric surgery, and thoracic procedures. Additionally, the device features a 360-degree shaft rotation, enabling users to easily access targeted tissue during surgical procedures.

Unlocking Electrosurgery: Insights from Electrosurgery Market Analysis

Recent insights from Meticulous Research® provide valuable perspectives on the future trajectory of the Electrosurgery Market. Projections suggest a potential worth of $8.99 billion by 2031, driven by a remarkable Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 4.8% from 2024 to 2031.

Significant trends are emerging due to the ongoing evolution of the electrosurgery market. In 2024, the preference for minimally invasive surgeries and the growing adoption of computer-assisted surgeries have emerged as an important aspect, propelled by the increasing prevalence of chronic diseases and the increasing number of surgical procedures.

As the global landscape takes shape, the North American region is expected to hold a substantial market share in 2024. Notably, influential industry players, including Medtronic plc (Ireland), Stryker Corporation (U.S.), and Johnson & Johnson (U.S.), have established a broad presence across various regions, leading to the widespread adoption of electrosurgery worldwide. In essence, this comprehensive overview from Meticulous Research serves as a gateway into the electrosurgery market.


The increasing number of chronic diseases has led to a rise in the number of surgical procedures, increasing the demand for electrosurgery instruments. Additionally, technological advancements in electrosurgery also support the growth of this market.

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