Organic farming is a farming system that is primarily aimed at cultivating land and raising crops in a way, which keeps the soil alive and in good health through the use of organic wastes (crop, animal, and farm waste). The International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM), an international organization established in 1972 for organic farming organizations, defines organic agriculture as— “Organic agriculture is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems, and people.” It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity, and cycles adapted to local conditions rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects on the environment. Organic agriculture combines tradition, innovation, and science to benefit the shared environment and promote fair relationships and good quality of life for all involved.

Currently, the organic farming trend is gaining significant traction throughout the world to find sustainable alternatives to harmful chemical fertilizers, which raise food productivity at the cost of environmental and public health. Therefore, organic fertilizers have been developed through modern biotechnological research to replace or significantly reduce the use of chemical fertilizers. The FiBL‐IFOAM stated that organic agriculture cultivation had surpassed 71.5 million hectares in 2018, increasing from 11 million hectares in 1999; such huge areas under organic cultivation demand huge quantities of organic fertilizers to enhance agricultural production. This rising demand for organic fertilizers has led to innovation and the use of technology in organic fertilizer production.

Generally, organic fertilizers are derived from plant and animal by-products and natural minerals at farms (crop residue, livestock manure, etc.). Commercial-scale production of organic fertilizers includes advanced fertilizer manufacturing techniques such as composting, incineration, landfilling, recycling, windrow composting, anaerobic digestion, mechanical biological treatment, mechanical heat treatment, plasma arc waste disposal, sewage treatment, tunnel composting, and waste autoclave. Advanced organic fertilizer manufacturing equipment or machines including feeding hoppers, conveyors, crushing machines, granulators, dryers, burners, rotary cooling drums, turners, and weighing & packaging machines are used to derive organic fertilizers from city waste, wine industry waste, fish waste, sewage sludge, olive oil waste, slaughterhouse waste, and other plant and animal by-products. Also, these techniques are eco-friendly, convenient, and easier than traditional techniques. They also reduce pollution and wastage, increasing the qualitative value of organic fertilizers.

Fermentation is one of the most important methods of organic fertilizer production. Although, factors such as temperature, water, C/N, salt, and pH, affect the fermentation process. Advanced organic fertilizer production techniques help control the moisture, temperature, and salt concentration, improving the quality of the fertilizers. Also, the use of modern equipment and machines helps to shorten the fermentation time and increases the efficiency of fertilizer production processes. Some of the key manufacturers of organic fertilizer production equipment provide complete lines of production capacities up to 50,000 tons per year that help to produce organic fertilizers on a commercial scale. Therefore, factors such as the growing need to increase organic fertilizer production and advancements in organic fertilizer production methods are expected to support the demand for organic fertilizers across the globe. Meticulous Research®, in its latest publication on the ‘Organic Fertilizers Market,’ states that the organic fertilizers market is expected to reach $15,927.8 million by 2027, at a CAGR of 11.5% during the forecast period, 2020-2027. Also, in terms of volume, the organic fertilizers market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 6.6% from 2020 to 2027 to reach 33,829.2 KT by 2027.

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Tags: Agriculture Food and Agriculture Technologies


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